by Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Cornell University in Ithaca, N.Y .
Written in English
|Statement||by Gunvant M. Desai and Michael G.G. Schluter.|
|Series||Occasional paper / Department of Agricultural Economics, Cornell University ;, no. 73., Occasional paper (New York State College of Agriculture. Dept. of Agricultural Economics) ;, no. 73.|
|Contributions||Schluter, Michael, 1947-|
|LC Classifications||HD2346.I5 D367 1974|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||11 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||11|
|LC Control Number||93984171|
most acute in rural areas. In rural areas, the three goals are to expand infrastructure and availability of skills development, create more employment, while also improving the quality of education and training”. With this end in view, and within the framework of the ILO Decent Work agenda. (ii) Development in transport facility by government and creating storage facilities in rural areas. (iii) Credit from local banks, so that crops can be grown every year. (iv) Agro-based industries can be set up in rural areas or semi-rural belts. (v) Making provisions for education and health services in rural belts can also result in employments. More employment in rural areas can be created by taking following steps: 1. Farmers should diversify agriculture and adopt horticulture, animal rearing, organic farming, pisciculture besides farming.. 2. Government should take necessary steps to provide loans to farmers at cheaper rates and from formal sources of credit.. 3. Creation of basic infrastructure facilities such as roads. Similarly. We need many more doctors, nurses, health workers in rural areas. 6. Tourism or regional craft industry, or new services like IT require proper planning and support from the government. Study by the Planning Commission say that if tourism as a sector is improved, every year we can give additional employment to more than 35 lakh people.
Healthcare sector can create large employment in Urban areas. The various ways for generating employment opportunities in rural areas are as follows: ucting Wells, dams, Canals, roads etc. in villages and employing local people. 2. Creating storage . Examples of selfemployment programmes are Rural Employment Generation Programme (REGP), Prime Minister’s Rozgar Yojana (PMRY) and Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY). The first programme aims at creating selfemployment opportunities in rural areas and small towns. The Khadi and Village Industries Commission is implementing it. More employment can be created in rural areas by - 1. Opening up industries in rural areas. Example - the Tata plant in West Bengal would have provided employment to hundreds of villagers. 2. Increasing construction work in rural areas. Making proper dwellings, the facilities that are required by people living in rural areas is essential. The Prime Minister Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) is aimed towards creating jobs in rural, as well as urban areas through various self-employment enterprises. It is a conflation of the PMRY (Prime Minister’s Rozgar Yojana) and REGP (Rural Employment Generation Programme). It is hoped that this project will create sustained employment.
1 Rural income generating activities encompass agricultural production (crop, livestock), agricultural wage employment, non-agricultural wage employment, non-farm enterprises, transfers and non-labour income sources. In the remainder of this paper, RNF will be used as synonymous with non-agricultural, and includes all rural. The average annual growth rate for rural employment between and was percent, compared to percent in urban areas. Following a near zero change between and , rural areas added ab wage and salary jobs in ( percent change). However, average rural employment in was still percent below its peak. As a native of rural Iowa (and “rural” might be an understatement), several miles from the nearest paved road, I’ve been fortunate to act as a resource over the years for those interested in tips for things like sourcing in rural areas. Here are five tried and true ways to spruce up your sourcing efforts in areas outside of the city lines: 1. Suggest measures to create jobs in rural areas so as to prevent excessive strain on our urban areas and at the same time enhance the development of the villages. How would creating better employment opportunities in rural areas help stop migration to cities and thus prevent excessive strain on our urban areas at the same time enhancing the development of the villages?